What is this article about?
Urinary tract infections (UTI) are the most common hospital-acquired infection affecting individuals today. About 75% of hospital-acquired UTIs are associated with the use of an indwelling urinary catheter (IDC). This is a significant number, considering that there is a 15 to 25% chance of a hospitalised patient needing a catheter inserted at some point during their stay. These infections, due to their aetiology, are commonly referred to as catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI). IDCs are associated with many negative outcomes, and in addition to potentially developing an infection, the patient may also experience urethral strictures, mechanical trauma, nonbacterial urethral inflammation or impaired mobility. CAUTIs have also been found to result in an increased length of stay in hospital for the patient, and are associated with an increased risk of mortality