Dr Richard Matthews graduated with a PhD in Philosophy from Queen’s University, Canada in 1999. He has taught philosophy, social justice, and medical ethics at multiple universities. In addition, he has been a visiting research fellow at the Queensland University of Technology (2008) and at the University of Western Australia (2010). Dr Matthews’ research focus is the nature, consequences, and ethics surrounding violence. His main work is on the ethics of torture "The Absolute Violation: why torture must be prohibited" (Montreal & Kingston, MQUP, 2008). He has also published multiple essays on torture, social justice, and music education, as well as health ethics. Along with his academic career, Dr Matthews spent three and a half years working as a practising bioethicist – primarily in Indigenous health and long-term care – in northwestern Ontario. His bioethical interests focus on health ethics with Indigenous people and social justice in health care.