Course Overview

Brief

This Course is designed to provide up-to-date information on gestational diabetes (GDM) given several recent changes in management. It will discuss predisposing factors for GDM, changes to treatment and diagnostic criteria, and how a diagnosis of GDM impacts subsequent pregnancies and ongoing health.

Learning Outcomes

  • Explain the pathophysiology of gestational diabetes (GDM)
  • Describe the risk factors and diagnostic criteria
  • Identify clinical targets and general management principles for antenatal, labour and postpartum care

Topics include:

  • Overview and risk factors
  • Treatment
  • Education and future

Target audience

Health professionals currently or intending to work with pregnant women with or at risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus.

Purpose

Provide up-to-date information focusing on the pathophysiology of hyperglycaemia during pregnancy, contributing causes/risks of developing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), and diagnosis and treatment/management strategies during antenatal, labour and postpartum periods.

Need

Worldwide, there are 21 million live births affected by diabetes each year. In Australia, 89 women are registered each day on the National Diabetes Services Scheme – a total of more than 32,000 from September 2014-15, a 14% increase from the previous year. Of this total, nearly 5,000 women on the Scheme had previously suffered from gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Of these women, 29% of them required insulin. The estimated incidence of GDM in Australia is 5%, which equates to 17,000 women affected by this disease. This incidence however only increases in high-risk ethnic populations in Australia, with up to 20% of women being affected. Health professionals need to be aware of the prevalence of GDM and the symptoms of this disease in order to identify women who may be at risk. They must also be aware of the management of GDM, which aims to normalise maternal blood glucose levels as soon as possible, reduce foetal and maternal risks, and reduce the long-term risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Health professionals in Australia that are registered with AHPRA are required to obtain continuing professional development (CPD) hours/points each year that relates to their context of practice, in order to comply with mandatory regulatory requirements.

Educators