Types of Congestive Heart Failure

5m of CPD
We tend to throw around the term 'congestive heart failure' like there is such a beast, the truth is that there are scads of pathophysiologic differences between left and right CHF, low and high output CHF, and systolic and diastolic CHF.

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Heart failure (HF) is typically described as left or right HF, which is somewhat simplistic since the functions of the left and right ventricles are inextricably intertwined. However, the terminology is still useful since it points out which ventricle (left or right) is primarily affected. In left HF, the left ventricle fails, defaulting on its duties as a pump to the periphery. The patient is left with a highly ineffective blood transport system for the body. In right HF, the right ventricle is the chief culprit. Blood does not flow properly to the lungs; this results in a reduction in gas exchange in the alveoli. Pulmonary hypertension in left heart disease (PH-LHD) is the most common form of pulmonary hypertension.


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Meet the educator

Andrea Salzman
Andrea Salzman, MS, PT graduated from the University of Alabama at Birmingham with a Master’s degree in physical therapy in 1992. Over the last two decades, she has held numerous prominent leadership roles in the physical therapy field, with a heavy emphasis on academic writing and administrative functions. Between 1995 and 1998, Salzman served as the Editor-in-Chief of an American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) journal. In 2010, Salzman received one of the highest honors given to a physical therapist from the American Physical Therapy Association, the Judy Cirullo Leadership Award. Between 2012 and the present, Salzman has written 12 physical therapy courses for Care2Learn, Relias Learning and reviewed over 100 other course offerings. Currently, Salzman continues in her writing, leadership and administrative roles at Aquatic Therapy University and 10K Health.
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What do others think?

526 reviews by Ausmed Learners
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nina elliott-bullen
23 Jul 2020
Good tips
Michelle Wilson
27 May 2022
Registered Nurse
Tony Potts
28 Dec 2020
Good basic overview
Han Liu
11 Mar 2021
Easy to read and understand
Mary Cameron
16 Dec 2020
This was a useful update on the different types of Heart Failure.
Mikayla Nelson
11 May 2021
Good information
17 Mar 2021
Excellent resource.
Yuan Sun
15 Jun 2020
very informative and useful information
Portrait of Amy Sommer
Amy Sommer
13 Dec 2020
Excellent presentation. Just the right amount of information so not to overload the individual. Excellent information.
Elizabeth Scopacasa
17 Mar 2021
Easy to read and understand. Good base knowledge for CHF.
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