Assessing the Risks of Meconium-Stained Liquor

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The appearance of meconium-stained liquor (MSL) during labour is generally considered to be a sign of hypoxia and a predictor of poor fetal outcome. But is this always true?

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What is this article about?

Meconium-stained liquor (MSL) is present in approximately 15% of live births. Traditionally, MSL has been considered a sign of fetal distress due to hypoxia. However, it can also simply be a physiological response to a normally maturing gastrointestinal tract, causing no ill effects on the fetus at all

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Meet the educator

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Anne Watkins
Anne is a freelance lecturer and medical writer at Mind Body Ink. She is a former midwife and nurse teacher with over 25 years’ experience working in the fields of healthcare, stress management and medical hypnosis. Her background includes working as a hospital midwife, Critical Care nurse, lecturer in Neonatal Intensive Care, and as a Clinical Nurse Specialist for a company making life support equipment. Anne has also studied many forms of complementary medicine and has extensive experience in the field of clinical hypnosis. She has a special interest in integrating complementary medicine into conventional healthcare settings and is currently an Associate Tutor, lecturing in Health Coaching and Medical Hypnosis at Exeter University in the UK. As a former Midwife, Anne has a natural passion for writing about fertility, pregnancy, birthing and baby care. Her recent publications include The Health Factor, Coach Yourself To Better Health and Positive Thinking For Kids. You can read more about her work at
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What do others think?

201 reviews by Ausmed Learners
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Ursula Wulff
26 Jan 2020
A good overall starting point to learn about meconium stained liquor, with references given for further reading.
Annabelle Bosnjak
23 Jan 2023
Registered Midwife
Great article covering the types of meconium stained liquor.
Amanda Dowling
21 Jan 2020
Great reminder of course of action with meconium stained liquor
Maddison Gunther
24 May 2020
Interesting read
Carolyn Allen
03 Jun 2020
A valuable update and a good refresher in midwiferybpractice.
Portrait of Linda Mosey
Linda Mosey
15 Mar 2021
Very helpful piece of reading for reflection.
Oleg Dronov
21 Aug 2020
Kerry Collins
21 Jan 2020
I enjoyed this reading-mec’ liquor-an area that causes increased intervention every time with both mothers and babies. I am motivated to follow up the readings in this article.
Nichole Nott
26 Jan 2020
Review of the basics. Some good reminders.
10 Mar 2020
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