What is this article about?
The most effective treatment for HIV/AIDS is antiretroviral therapy (ART), which involves taking a combination of antiretroviral medicines to slow down the rate of HIV multiplication. The aim of antiretroviral therapy is to stop HIV from progressing to acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) by stopping the HIV life cycle in its tracks and preventing the virus from multiplying. Antiretroviral therapy cannot cure HIV, but provides the immune system with an opportunity to recover. It also aims to reduce the viral load in the body to an undetectable level, reducing the risk of transmission to others.